Following damage to the body, whatever the exact reason, the body follows phases for the healing process till full recovery is reached. The healing process must occur in the proper sequence, at a specific time, within a specific time frame, and continue for a specific duration for wound healing to reach maximum effectiveness. Complete wound healing can take years, depending on the extent of damage.
Anything that delay the wound healing process while it is still in progress, results in incomplete or impaired wound healing for things like nerve damage as a result of surgery.
Factors that affect wound healing include; Glucocorticoid Steroids, Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Age (over 60), Gender, Sex Hormones (women over 60 do better than men due to estrogen), Stress, Ischemia (restriction in blood supply to tissues), Diabetes, Keloids, Fibrosis, Hereditary Healing Disorders, Jaundice, Uremia, Obesity, Alcohol Consumption, Smoking, Cancer, AIDS and Nutrition (carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, and mineral metabolism).
"Protein is one of the most important nutrient factors affecting wound healing. A deficiency of protein can impair capillary formation, fibroblast proliferation, proteoglycan synthesis, collagen synthesis, and wound remodeling. A deficiency of protein also affects the immune system, with resultant decreased leukocyte phagocytosis and increased susceptibility to infection."
Different rates of healing for different issues. Some things might help increase and decrease ability to heal as well as the speed of recovery.
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